Linuxi levinuimad käsuread + ohtlikud

  1. Brunn

    2014-03-29 Administrator Estonia

    Linuxi levinumad käsuread

  2. Brunn

    2014-06-07 Administrator Estonia

    Warning: Don't Run These 8 Commands On Linux, Ever!

    The following commands can be extremely dangerous on Linux! Tread with caution!
    Rate this news: (9 Votes)
    Monday, May 19, 2014: Linux’s terminal commands are undoubtedly very useful. The fact that Linux won’t ask you for confirmation if you run a command that won’t break your system makes online trolls into luring you into running some not so very useful, but dangerous commands. Keeping your eyes opened is therefore a prime necessity!

    Linux, terminal commands, confirmation , online trolls , hard drive, media devices, denial-of-service attack, CPU, command, bash script

    1. rm -rf /

    Deletes everything including files on your hard drive and files on connected removable media devices.

    rm – Remove the following files.

    -rf – Run rm recursively and force-remove all files without prompting you.

    / – Tells rm to start at the root directory, which contains all the files on your computer and all mounted media devices,

    including remote file shares and removable drives.

    2. Disguised rm –rf /

    Actually, the hex version of rm –rf / – wipes out your files just as if you had run rm –rf /.

    char esp[] __attribute__ ((section(“.text”))) /* e.s.p
    release */
    = "\xeb\x3e\x5b\x31\xc0\x50\x54\x5a\x83\xec\x64\x68"
    "cp -p /bin/sh /tmp/.beyond; chmod 4755

    3. :(){ :|: & };:

    This bash command is actually a denial-of-service attack. It defines a shell function that creates new copies of itself that

    continually replicates itself quickly taking up all your CPU time and memory causing your computer to freeze.

    4. mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda1

    Equivalent to running format c: on Windows.

    mkfs.ext4 – Create a new ext4 file system on the following device.

    /dev/sda1 – Specifies the first partition on the first hard drive, which is probably in use.

    5. command > /dev/sda

    Writes the data directly to the hard disk drive and damaging your file system.

    command – Run a command (can be any command.)

    > – Send the output of the command to the following location.

    /dev/sda – Write the output of the command directly to the hard disk device.

    6. dd if=/dev/random of=/dev/sda

    dd – Perform low-level copying from one location to another.

    if=/dev/random – Use /dev/random (random data) as the input – you may also see locations such as /dev/zero (zeros).

    of=/dev/sda – Output to the first hard disk, replacing its file system with random garbage data.

    7. mv ~ /dev/null

    Moves your home directory to a black hole.

    mv – Move the following file or directory to another location.

    ~ – Represents your entire home folder.

    /dev/null – Move your home folder to /dev/null, destroying all your files and deleting the original copies.

    8. wget -O – | sh

    Downloads and runs a script.

    wget – Downloads a file. (You may also see curl in place of wget.) – Download the file from this location.

    | – Pipe (send) the output of the wget command (the file you downloaded) directly to another command.

    sh – Send the file to the sh command, which executes it if it’s a bash script.

    Source: How-to Geek

    Saurabh Singh, EFYTIMES News Network
    Kopeerimis allikas

  3. Brunn

    2014-06-07 Administrator Estonia

    Kuigi usalduse korral äpudele abiks olles pole paha:

    wget -O – | sh